Lesson 3: Decision-Making
Name(s) of student(s):
Age and grade level:
Goal from IEP connected to lesson:
Objective from IEP connected to lesson:
Purpose of lesson: To teach the student methods of intentionally making decisions.
Materials needed: Restaurant
“Decision-making sounds simple, but many people find it very difficult or stressful. I want to teach you a method for making decisions and encourage you to practice doing so. Practicing decision-making begins with making inconsequential, yet intentional, choices. Over time, substantial decisions will be easier and easier to make.”
Discussion: Anticipating Consequences
“Making an informed decision begins with anticipating likely consequences. You will find that some decisions have substantial consequences, while others are inconsequential. If the decision is substantial, devote more time to weighing options and consequences.”
Exercise: Making Small Decisions
Think through the following scenarios and determine the likely consequences of the choices.
Should I come home before or after curfew?
Should I exercise regularly?
Should I eat an apple or banana?
Should I invite my friend over on Friday?
Should I look for a summer job?
Should my book report be on Book A or Book B?
Should I use my cane when travelling?
Should I study for tomorrow’s test?
Discussion: Pros and Cons
“Many decisions are not ‘right verses wrong.’ With the decisions above, each possible choice has advantages and/or disadvantages. One way to approach making these sorts of decisions is to make a list of pros and cons, and weigh the results. Consider seeking input from trusted individuals and adding the input to your list.”
Exercise: Pros and Cons List
Have the student determine a decision she is currently facing and have her list pros and cons for each possible decision. If the student is unable to think of a current decision, she can create a pro and con list for two possible careers of interest.
To give the student an opportunity to make decisions, have her choose an unfamiliar restaurant within a certain budget. Take a small group to eat a meal and ensure the student chooses her food independently.
“A leader makes many decisions. She guides a group to reach goals, but first chooses the goals and best route. She accepts input from others, but ultimately bears the responsibility of each choice. When making a decision, she should anticipate the consequences and create a pro con list when the choice is not clear cut.”
Progress notes, data collection, comments, and modifications: