Tools for Finding Employment: Finding Job Leads
Job leads—information about job openings, either in the form of ads, postings, information from your network, or even rumors or news items—are a crucial part of the process of establishing a career. No job lead is a bad job lead, even if it does not pan out for you. It’s important to be diligent, patient, and prepared throughout the process.
Finding Job Leads
The methods most people use to find jobs can be divided into three categories: networking, cold calls, and intermediary. Networking is typically used by people who have more experience, while cold calling is commonly associated with positions with lower and/or hourly wages. Intermediary is the method most commonly thought about when doing a job search. The intermediary method goes back to searching newspaper classified sections or, now, searching online classifieds and employment websites.
Below we explore some of the methods for finding or creating job leads.
The majority of jobs acquired by job seekers are found via contacts and personal networking. If you have expanded your network and kept your contacts “fresh” by staying in touch with the people you identified as potentially helpful to your job search, it will be much easier to contact them about job leads or possible connections. When searching for job leads, reach out to your network in an organized and appropriate manner.
- Be tactful and professional.
- Make contact with a phone call, e-mail, letter, or by meeting in person.
- Keep good records on who you have contacted and the information each contact provided. If you told someone you would follow up with them at a later date, make sure you do so.
The newest method of reaching out to your personal network is by posting on social networking sites to see if your friends know of any job openings in your field of interest. This type of outreach is becoming more and more common. Social networking is similar to reaching out to your friends by connecting through the phone, except it’s less targeted and easier to reach more people quickly.
Appreciate your Network
Remember to thank the people who help you find job leads, whether or not their advice led to a job or not. Take the time to thank everyone who helps you by phone, mail, or e-mail. This is important etiquette and will pay off in keeping your network ready and willing to help you whenever they hear of something relevant to your career. If you end up getting a job from one of these leads then you should do something more than a thank you, such as a sending a gift or taking them out to lunch.
Remember: It is important to put in the effort planning your research and developing your job leads, particularly if you’re looking for a job in a tight or highly competitive job market.
Professional Organizations and Associations
Many fields have professional organizations you can join in order to access job postings and employment information specific to that field or industry. Companies may pay these professional organizations to post jobs on their site or list. These organizations also may have e-mail list services (or listservs) that are specific to professionals working in the field. Often, organizations and companies will send announcements of job openings to these lists because they know that the recipients are people working in—or interested in working in—the field.
Conferences, Workshops, and Meetings
Through your research, you might find announcements for conferences, meetings, workshops, or networking events. These types of gatherings are great places to network, find job leads, and learn more about the current state of the field you’re interested in. When attending these events, be prepared, creative, professional, and outgoing. Dress professionally and attend with a game plan to network. Have several copies of your resume, along with a business card or something that you can give to the people you meet so they will remember you.
Career Centers and Job Fairs
Find out if you have access to career centers and job fairs through local colleges or universities and take advantage of these resources.
Employment Centers are often underutilized resources when it comes to job leads. Employment centers offer a variety of services that can be useful to a job seeker, such as vocational evaluation, skill training, resume review, or possible employment connections.
Employment Web Sites
There are many employment search web sites out there. Some are more specialized (by industry or experience level, for example) than others. The effectiveness of these sites is debated, but since many businesses post jobs on these sites, it is important to at least do some research there.
It’s a good idea to be skeptical of jobs posted online that sound too good to be true. There are a number of “work from home” and other scams commonly found online on all of the major lob listing sites. You can find a short index to some of the more well-known job scams on AFB’s CareerConnect. Another way to find out if something is fraudulent is to do a search for “scam” plus some of the information from the listing and see what you can find in the results.
Accessing Federal Jobs
Federal agencies have two job application methods available for people with disabilities: competitive and non-competitive placements. Job applicants must meet the specified qualifications and be able to perform the essential job duties with or without reasonable accommodations.
Jobs that are filled competitively are advertised on USAJOBS. USAJOBS is the official job-posting site used by the U.S. federal government. Registering on the website allows you to apply for the federal jobs. This takes some time, but is worth the effort. The website lets you select notifications of job advertisements related to key words. USAJOBS is a tremendous resource that all people with disabilities seeking competitive employment should explore.
Jobs filled non-competitively are offered to those who with mental, severe physical, or psychiatric disabilities and who have appropriate documentation as specified under the provisions. For more details on these processes, please visit the U.S. Office of Personnel Management.
The U.S. Department of Labor Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) website offers useful connections to resources for self-employment, youth employment, employer advisement, the latest disability policies, and more. This office advises the U.S. Department of Labor and other government agencies on employment issues regarding people with disabilities.
Libraries are extremely good sources for job research, and they’re often under-utilized and under-appreciated sources for job leads. You can go to your local library and find out if they have any resources for an employment search or use their computers for Internet access. It would be helpful to have someone with you to help use printed resources, but otherwise libraries do have staff members who can assist you.
Recruitment companies can specialize in finding high-quality candidates for specific jobs in specific fields, and they can also specialize in employment training/placement of people with disabilities. Web sites such as Getting Hired, NIB Career Net, and AFB CareerConnect offer some listings of reputable recruitment companies that can be good resources for job seekers.
Create Your Own Leads: Cold Calling
Creating your own job leads is usually done by “cold calling.” Cold calling involves calling organizations you’re interested in working at or that offer the type position you are interested in holding, with no introduction or prior connection, and without responding to a specific job listing. Cold calling is probably the toughest method of job lead because you must build a relationship quickly—from nothing but your personality and interest in the company—in order to convert the call into a meaningful contact.
Keep Aware When Out and About
If you are interested in working in a small business or store, check the windows by the entry door to see if there is a “Help Wanted” or “Now Hiring” sign hanging. If there is, go inside to inquire about the positions they are looking to fill, or call them when you get home to find out more.
Electronic and physical bulletin boards can be great job lead resources. As with job listing sites, be aware of possible scams and do your research before pursuing something that sounds too good to be true.
The Job Seeker’s Toolkit
This article is based on the AFB Job Seeker’s Toolkit, a free, self-paced, comprehensive, and accessible guide to the employment process. Set up a My CareerConnect account to get started with the Toolkit—it’s an easy and fast process that will give you access to many helpful job hunting resources!
This article and The Job Seeker’s Toolkit are based on the 2nd edition of The Transition Tote System, by Karen Wolffe and Debbie Johnson (1997, American Printing House for the Blind).